Workshops will be held on Monday, November 18, 2019 prior to the beginning of the Fire Congress at Loews Ventana Canyon Resort. You can chose a full day workshop, or pick 1 or 2 half-day workshops to be added to your registration.
Click here to view the schedule for workshops on Monday.
Full Day Workshops, November 18
Participatory GIS for Fire and Fuels Management: Theory and Methods
Workshop Leader: Fernando Sanchez-Trigueros, University of Arizona
Time: 8am to 5pm (lunch break: 12pm to 1pm)
This seminar introduces the theory and methods of community engagement and Participatory Geographic Information Systems for decision making in fire and fuels management planning. GIS demonstrations, applications in fire-adapted ecosystems, and cases studies of collaboration between Indigenous communities, academia and government are included. Read More
This seminar introduces the theory and methods of community engagement and Participatory Geographic Information Systems for decision making in fire and fuels management planning, with applications in fire-adapted ecosystems and cases studies of collaboration between Indigenous communities, academia and government. Participatory GIS comprises theory, methodology and technologies to facilitate knowledge transfer, usually from communities to governance, by means of geospatial technologies and spatial data. In this seminar, the focus is on participatory action that informs fire and fuels management decision making, drawing special attention to effects of fire and fuels management on human dimensions as well as use of local knowledge for sustainable practices in fire and fuels management. The training program consists of 8 units: (1) Participatory GIS: community engagement principles and methods; (2) Participatory GIS: technologies; (3) Case studies of PGIS in fire and fuels management; (5) Lab 1: Basic survey tools with Qualtrics; (6) Lab 2: Field-based Mobile GIS: Survey123 for ArcGIS and Collector for ArcGIS; (7) Lab 3: Fuzzy mapping with Map-Me; (8) Lab 4: visualization, exploration and publication of PGIS data with web map tools. Course content consists of theoretical and practical modules to provide the attendees with fundamental skills for implementation and analysis of Participatory GIS projects. The seminar is ideal for fire ecology scientists, management professionals, faculty and students with interest in combining community engagement and GIS for both research and management purposes. No prerequisites in GIScience are required.
Fire Ecology, Management and Operations for Non-science Professionals
Workshop Leaders: Barbara Satink Wolfson, Southwest Fire Science Consortium; Leda Kobziar, University of Idaho; Andi Thode, Northern Arizona University; Carrie Dennett; Tracey Stone; Dolores Garcia; Geoff Babb, Association for Fire Ecology
Time: 8am to 3pm (lunch break: 12pm to 1pm)
This workshop is only open to the media and legislative staffers. To register, please contact email@example.com. Participants will learn the fire history basics of several vegetation types across the Southwest (AZ, NM, UT, CO, CA) and ecological adaptations involved; learn about fire management and operations, the policy and planning behind prescribed fire as well as fire use, and suppression; and experience interactive sessions and a walk outdoors (weather permitting) to tour an important local fire issue, buffelgrass. Read More
This workshop is open to the media and legislative staffers. Learn the fire history basics of several vegetation types across the Southwest (AZ, NM, UT, CO, CA) and ecological adaptations involved. Also learn about fire management and operations, the policy and planning behind prescribed fire as well as fire use, and suppression. Experience interactive sessions and a walk outdoors (weather permitting) to tour an important local fire issue, buffelgrass.
- Basic fire history/fire regimes, ecological adaptations of 3-4 Southwestern vegetation types
- ponderosa pine (high frequency/low severity)
- chaparral (moderate frequency/high severity)
- desert (low frequency/high severity/very small patch size)
- wet mixed conifer, spruce/fir, aspen (low frequency/high severity)
- Where we are and how we got here (history of fire suppression)
- Fire management and operations
- policy/guidance that allows prescribed fire and fire use
- planning and decision making related to prescribed fire and fire use
- priorities: safety/life first
- Predicting worst case scenarios- are models able to keep up with climate change? Brief walk around resort to discuss buffelgrass (exotic invasive grass spreading fire in low desert ecosystem that is not typically fire adapted) OR small group discussions. Open discussion: “where do we go from here?”
Participants are welcome to attend other parts of the conference as desired and the group will reconvene the afternoon of Tuesday November 19 for further discussion if desired.
Morning Workshops, November 18
FireWorks Educational Program: Hand-on Activities to Engage the Public about Wildland Fire Science
Workshop Leader: Ilana Abrahamson, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula Fire Sciences Lab
Time: 8am to 12pm
Wildland fire captures the public’s attention every summer, but public understanding of fire is limited. Participants will learn several fun, hands-on activities from the FireWorks Educational Program for teaching students and the general public about wildland fire science. Activities will cover fire behavior, ecology, management, and traditional fire use. www.frames.gov/fireworks/. Read More
Wildland fire captures the public’s attention every summer, but public understanding of fire is limited. The FireWorks Educational Program uses hands-on activities to increase students’ understanding of wildland fire. It is designed for students in K-12th grade (and fun for adults), and consists of curricula and trunks of materials. Workshop participants will learn several fun activities from the curricula, and be able to teach them to students of all ages. Activities cover combustion, fire spread, fire history, management, fire effects on plants, animals, and ecosystems, and fire use by Native Americans. Some activities focus on ecosystems in the Northern Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, however we can discuss how ecosystem-specific activities can be modified for use in other ecosystems. This workshop is great for anyone interested in learning hands-on activities about fire science to teach to students or the general public. Goals for this workshop are to introduce the FireWorks program and activities to participants and to help participants adapt the program to their region. A tentative agenda includes an overview of the FireWorks program and these activities: Where Does Heat Go? The Heat Plume from a Fire What Makes Fire’s Burn? The Fire Triangle How Do Wildland Fires Spread? The Matchstick Forest Model Bark and Soil: Nature’s Insulators Who Lives Here? Adopting a Plant, Animal, or Fungus Buried Treasures Fire History Carrying Fire the Pikunii Way: How and Why did the Pikunii People Carry Fire? For more information about the FireWorks program please visit the website: www.frames.gov/fireworks/home
Introduction to Fire Behavior Modeling
Workshop Leaders: Don Helmbrecht, USDA Forest Service; Joe Scott, Pyrologix LLC
Time: 8am to 12pm
The world of fire behavior modeling can be overwhelming. The “next best” tool or system seems to appear yearly. However, all fire behavior modeling systems adhere to a core set of fundamentals. This workshop reviews those fundamentals and investigates the assumptions and limitations of popular fire behavior modeling systems. **All participants will need to bring a laptop for the modeling exercises. Please make sure you have proper access to load software on your laptop. Read More
The goal of this workshop is to introduce students to the fundamentals of fire behavior modeling so that they can make informed decisions and understand the assumptions and limitations behind the fire behavior tools and data they are using. No previous knowledge is required. This workshop will be largely based on the Wildland Fire Management Research, Development, and Applications, ‘Introduction to Fire Behavior Modeling’ guide (Scott 2012). The workshop will follow a lecture-exercise format.
- Wildfire Behavior Characteristics
- Major Influences on Fire Behavior Simulations
- Characterizing Surface Fuel
- Characterizing a Forest Canopy
- Characterizing Fuel Moisture Content
- Characterizing Wind Speed and Direction
- Simulating Surface Fire Behavior
- Simulating Crown Fire Behavior
- Integrating Surface and Crown Fire Behavior Models
- Comparison of Spatial and Non-Spatial Fire Behavior Modeling Systems
Learning the Photoload Sampling Technique: Visually Estimating Surface Fuel Loadings from Photographs for Research and Management Applications
Workshop Leaders: Bob Keane, US Forest Service; Rachel Loehman, US Geological Survey
Time: 8am to 12pm
In this workshop you will learn how to use the photoload technique in the field with great accuracy. Then you will be given all the materials to teach photoload to others and to calibrate photoload visual estimates to improve accuracy. Last, you will be shown how to make your own photoload pictures to estimate loadings of shrub and herb species in your area. Read More
Wildland fire researchers and fire managers need better estimates of surface fuel loadings so they can more accurately predict fire behavior and effects to design more effective fuel and ecosystem restoration treatments. A new fuel sampling system, called the photoload sampling technique, has been developed to quickly and accurately estimate loadings for six surface fuel components using downward-looking photographs that depict graduated fuel loadings. The user simply matches the fuel loading conditions observed on the ground with conditions portrayed in a set of graduated photographs. The original photoload materials were built to estimate fuel loadings for forests in the northern Rocky Mountains of Montana, USA. But, there are now methods to expand the photoload technique to other ecosystems of the world. In this workshop you will learn how to use the photoload technique in the field with great accuracy. Then you will be given all the materials to teach photoload to others and to calibrate photoload visual estimates to improve accuracy. Last, you will be shown how to make your own photoload pictures to estimate loadings of shrub and herb species in your area. An evaluation of the photoload technique is also presented along with a CD of all photoload photographs.
Rapid Response Erosion Modeling for Fuel’s Management and Post-fire Rehabilitation
Workshop Leaders: Mary Ellen Miller, Michigan Tech Research Institute; Richard Schwab, National Park Service
Time: 8am to 12pm
The need for watershed analysis and management tools has increased in recent years due to both larger and higher severity wildfires. This workshop introduces new runoff and erosion modeling tools designed for both post-fire remediation and for spatially prioritizing fuel management projects from a watershed perspective. Read More
We are hosting a training workshop for participants to learn how to use the NASA Rapid Response Erosion Database and the new QWEPP modeling interface for watershed analysis. These tools can be used for a variety of watershed management issues including both fuel’s planning from a watershed perspective and for post-fire remediation. The Rapid Response Erosion Database (RRED, http://rred.mtri.org/rred/) is an interactive web application designed to support process-based hydrological modeling by rapidly creating all the required geospatial model inputs needed for the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP). RRED supports post-fire remediation by allowing users to upload a new soil burn severity map into the database. The burn severity map is used to modify both land cover and soils data within RRED. Model inputs are then formatted for hydrological modeling and delivered to the user. The spatial model inputs are parameterized for disturbed forests and modeling can be carried out using a new QGIS open source interface to WEPP called QWEPP. The new interface is designed to work with RRED making complex hydrological modeling more accessible to land managers. Participants will learn how to model post-fire erosion and run-off from a small watershed using both RRED and QWEPP. We will then demonstrate how these same techniques and tools can be used to plan fuel remediation treatments from a watershed perspective using forecasts of burn severity and hydrological modeling to identify watersheds at most risk from post-fire effects.
R for Fire Data: Learning the Basics of Reproducible Analyses
Workshop Leaders: Daniel Godwin, Forest Stewards Guild; Erica Newman, University of Arizona
Time: 8am to 12pm
This workshop will teach the R programming language for data management and visualization. Learn why reproducible workflows are important for your work as a planner, scientist, or student. The morning session will focus on the basics of R for novice users. You can make this a full day workshop by also participating in the afternoon session, which will teach advanced applications and graphing (see afternoon info below). Read More
Are you interested in learning how to use R, a free and open statistical software package, to manage your data, visualize it, and create reproducible analyses? If so, this course can take you from total novice (never used R) to graphs and analyses in one day. This course is in two parts: (1) The morning session, which is aimed at people who have never used R, and would like to learn how to load and reorganize data for analyses in a reproducible way. We will also teach you why reproducible analyses, data storage and metadata are important for the fire sciences. (2) The afternoon session is a continuation of the morning session, and is also open to people who already know the basics of R. This session is for people who would like to make publication-quality graphics for papers and reports, and to share analyses. This is a more advanced session in which we will be teaching participants how to organize and access weather-related data, how to analyze it and present it in graphs, and how to find other resources for more specialized R analyses.
Afternoon Workshops, November 18
R for Fire Data: Creating Visualizations and Advanced Analyses
Workshop Leaders: Daniel Godwin, Forest Stewards Guild; Erica Newman, University of Arizona
Time: 1pm to 5pm
This workshop will teach the R programming language for data management and visualization. Learn why reproducible workflows are important for your work as a planner, scientist, or student. The afternoon will teach advanced applications and graphing. The afternoon session is a continuation of the morning session, and is also open to people who already know the basics of R. Read More
Are you interested in learning how to use R, a free and open statistical software package, to manage your data, visualize it, and create reproducible analyses? If so, this course can take you from total novice (never used R) to graphs and analyses in one day. The afternoon session is a continuation of the morning session, and is also open to people who already know the basics of R. This session is for people who would like to make publication-quality graphics for papers and reports, and to share analyses. This is a more advanced session in which we will be teaching participants how to organize and access weather-related data, how to analyze it and present it in graphs, and how to find other resources for more specialized R analyses.
Active Bystander Workshop
Workshop Leader: Maria Estrada, The Nature Conservancy
Time: 1pm to 3:30pm
Effective Bystander skills have shown to make a difference in changing the climate of organizations. In this workshop people will learn about and practice noticing when something is not right in a situation, realizing that a skillful intervention is needed, taking the responsibility for doing something, and taking effective action to engender change. Read More
This workshop will be highly interactive. We will use real scenarios of harassment, discrimination, homophobia and give you opportunities to practice ways to intervene skillfully in a way that preserves the integrity and relationships of everybody involved. You will leave with a set of tools to be an effective Bystander and an Active self.
Exploring New Capabilities in Fuel Treatment Analysis and Modeling with STANDFIRE
Workshop Leader: Russ Parsons, US Forest Service RMRS Fire Sciences Lab
Time: 1pm to 5pm
Spatial fuels relationships, such as spacing between trees, affect fuel treatment effectiveness, but are not addressed in current models. Here, we introduce STANDFIRE, a prototype 3D fuel and fire modeling system which explores how fuel heterogeneity affects fire behavior and effects. The workshop demonstrates current capabilities and discusses future directions. Read More
Spatial heterogeneity in forest structure and surface fuel patterns is increasingly recognized as playing an important role in the long term resilience of forest ecosystems. Similarly, fine scale spatial relationships, such as spacing between trees, presence of jackpots, and vertical continuity in canopy fuels, affect fire behavior. The implications of these spatial relationships for firefighter and community safety and fuel treatment effectiveness are important. However, current modeling systems for both forest fuels and fire do not deal with fine scale spatial aspects and are thus limited in the guidance they can provide. Over the last few years, our research team has been developing a prototype spatially explicit fuel and fire modeling system called STANDFIRE. STANDFIRE links the forest growth model (FVS) through a state-of-the-art fuel modeling system (STANDFUELS) to physics-based fire models such as the Wildland urban interface Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS) and FIRETEC, providing a pathway for researchers and managers to use real world forest inventory and fuels data in dynamic, 3D fire simulations. STANDFIRE is oriented toward radically increasing our capabilities to assess fuel treatment effectiveness and strengthening our understanding of the linkages between fire behavior and fire effects. The workshop will begin with an overview of the system and why it is needed, and offers participants an opportunity to explore example 3D fire simulation output. We will then walk participants through current capabilities, demonstrate how user data can be used in STANDFIRE in several ways, and discuss future directions. We hope that participants will offer feedback on where we may go with future developments in this cutting edge modeling system.
Exploring the Use of Drones for Forest and Fire Research and Monitoring
Workshop Leaders: Collin Haffey, The Nature Conservancy; Andrew Barton, University of Maine at Farmington; Jose Iniguez, US Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station;
Andi Thode, Southwest Fire Science Consortium & Northern Arizona University; Amy Waltz, Ecological Restoration Institute
Time: 1pm to 5pm
We are working to gather a group of people interested in discussing how unmanned aerial systems (drones) are being effectively used in forest and fire ecology research and/or treatment monitoring. This discussion will focus on the capabilities and limitations of using drones and structure for motions technologies to compare pre and post-treatment images. Read More
- Create a shared understanding of how others are working with drones in fire ecology or forestry research and/or monitoring.
- Begin to develop a community of practice for fire and forestry drone users.
- Presentations focus on emerging remote sensing applications in forest and fire ecology, capabilities and limitations of using drones, and considerations before and after flights.
- Other presentations will also focus on comparisons of drone technologies with other remote sensing platforms like NAIP and satellite-based technologies.
- Third hour: Facilitated discussion and consolidation of “what works now” using drones for research and monitoring.
- Fourth hour: Facilitated discussion of the short-term (1-3 years) emerging uses for drones in research and/or monitoring.
Smoke Modeling from Forest to Plume: Integrated Modeling Workshop for Smoke Management
Workshop Leaders: Susan Prichard, University of Washington; Roger Ottmar, US Forest Service; Susan O’Neill, US Forest Service; James Cronan, US Forest Service
Time: 1pm to 5pm
In this workshop, we will offer training on the Fuel and Fire Tools application to model fuel characterization of wildland fuels and the BlueSky Playground to predict smoke production and dispersion. We will also introduce the new Smoke Emissions Repository Application, a new central repository of the latest wildland fire emissions factors. Read More
Smoke emissions from prescribed fires and wildfires are dependent on a number of variables including area burned, pre-burn fuel loading and arrangement, fuel consumption, fire behavior and plume dynamics. Dispersion and concentrations of the smoke from prescribed burns depends on the rate of emissions and heat release, weather and terrain. Each of these variables in predicted emissions is associated with uncertainty, and of these, estimating fuel consumed within burned areas has the potential for particularly high error propagation in estimated emissions. In addition to errors in quantifying or estimating total fuel consumption, determining the amount and type of fuel consumed in flaming, smoldering and long-term smoldering is critical for predicting long-term smoke impacts such as nighttime inversions and intrusions into communities. In this workshop, we will offer training on the Fuel and Fire Tools application to model fuel characterization of wildland fuels and the BlueSky Playground to predict smoke production and dispersion. We will also introduce the new Smoke Emissions Repository Application, a central repository of wildland fire emissions factors and discuss implications of how the latest emissions factors for criteria air pollutants such as PM2.5 may impact smoke management decisions.